Taking on the System


Let Us Speak Freely

Voters who go to the polls today carry with them their hopes and fears for the future. This election, perhaps more than any that has come before it, offers stark evidence of all that is right with American democracy — both its power and potential — as well as what has gone terribly wrong. Three new books — primers on how to become a citizen activist — are for anyone who cares about living in a democracy that works.

“Effective activism requires that those who have the heart and passion for it step out of their comfort zone and into the fire,” writes Markos Moulitsas Zúniga in Taking On the System, which includes a step-by-step to-do list, as well as philosophical encouragement. The book celebrates “change agents,” as Moulitsas calls them, who are fighting for that most basic democratic principle: the right to speak out in a system that, too often, controls the message.

Moulitsas, founder of the influential political blog Daily Kos, heralds Carol Shea-Porter of New Hampshire, who decided to make a run for the U.S. House of Representatives in 2006 without financial resources or political experience. First she faced a primary no one thought she could win. Then she faced a general election against a strong incumbent. She won both races.

“Shea-Porter’s wildly surprising victory— over two outsized opponents — should serve as both an inspiration and a valuable primer about overcoming obstacles put in the way of activists who buck the system,” writes Moulitsas. Her supporters ignored the party establishment, which wrote off Shea-Porter’s campaign as hopeless and offered no backing. Instead, her supporters built a campaign directly from the grass roots, creating low-budget commercials, sending personalized postcards, talking directly to voters, both in person and online. With “innovative tactics and [the] smart use of money,” they got Shea-Porter’s message out. (My husband, who was involved with her campaign, was not a source for this book.)

Moulitsas’s book is a call to join the fray, and it is peppered with examples of people who are managing, against the odds, to be heard. Grass-roots networking is helping long-shot candidates like Shea-Porter get elected. Bloggers are drawing national attention to issues that otherwise might be overlooked, such as the violent racism that erupted in 2006 in the town of Jena, La. And in countries where democracy is literally a life-and-death issue, the Internet offers activists an alternative to official propaganda machines. In 2004 in the Ukraine, for example, cyber-movements helped to expose government wrongdoing and electoral fraud — and bring about regime change.

Citizens of a true democracy, argues Naomi Wolf in Give Me Liberty, think of themselves not as lucky recipients of the gift of liberty, but as its stewards, crafters and defenders. “Liberty is not a set of laws or a system of government,” she writes. “It is not a nation or a species of patriotism. Liberty is a state of mind before it is anything else.” The problem right now — and the situation is dire, she warns — is that most Americans are dozing while their liberties have quietly eroded.

But “Give Me Liberty” is essentially an act of optimism. “I wrote this handbook with the faith that if Americans take personal ownership of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, they can push back any darkness,” Wolf writes. Drawing on the words of the country’s founders, she lays out seven principles, devoting a chapter to each: We must speak. We have a duty to rebel continually against injustice and oppression. We can disagree with one another without violence. And on it goes. In “The User’s Guide,” Wolf collects guidelines from “patriots in various fields . . . to equip any American who wishes to defend liberty.”

Wolf’s goal is to educate a wave of “democracy commandos”: Learn how to write a news release and how to be safe as you protest. Get tips on how to speak in public, how to raise funds and how government works. In short, use this book to study up, and you’ll be ready to start your own movement. Which is precisely what Wolf hopes readers will do. “We need more drastic action than e-mails to Congress,” she implores. “We need the next revolution.”

John Whitehead’s take on the crumbling of America is more ponderous than his fellow authors’. “The Change Manifesto” devotes many pages to describing the post-9/11 problems plaguing the country, from loss of community and privacy to increasing authoritarianism and a growing military-industrial complex. Americans have forgotten the Constitution, he argues, and we must take a stand. If readers manage to slog through the first 260-plus pages, they’ll find a detailed, if somewhat pedantic, review of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights — and more examples of the “governmental onslaught” on individual rights. But the “tools” provided here tend to be lofty generalizations rather than practical advice: “Courage does not come from merely reading stories. It comes from within. Only when that inner courage is found can one serve the purpose of the Bill of Rights and engage in the free and lawful advocacy that the revolutionaries intended.”

Whitehead speaks from his experience as a constitutional lawyer and founder of the Rutherford Institute in Charlottesville, which fields thousands of requests each year for legal assistance. (The organization has been characterized by some as a civil liberties union for people of faith.) And while the book is filled with grievances, many worthy of concern, I couldn’t help thinking, as I turned its pages, about the “change agents” Moulitsas celebrates in his book. Shea-Porter, for example, stands in stark contrast to the politicians Whitehead skewers: “Today’s politicians, many of whom are far removed from those they represent, are chauffeured around in limousines, fly in private jets, and eat gourmet meals, all paid for by the American taxpayer.” Politicians who fit this description deserve pointed criticism — and voter rejection. But it’s good to know the change agents are out there, too, hard at work. Here’s hoping each of these books will spark a few more to join the revolution.